There are more than 275 mosquito species in Australia. Only a few species bite humans, and even less carry human diseases.
In Victoria, mosquito-borne diseases include:
- Murray Valley encephalitis
- Ross River virus
- Barmah Forest virus
Is Council responsible for managing mosquitoes?
The City is responsible for managing mosquitoes on Council land. So if you believe there is a mosquito breeding site (near stagnant water, with a large number of mosquitoes in one area) in the City’s parks and gardens, please contact us with the specific address so we can investigate and treat the site. If the site is not on Council land, we will refer the complaint to the relevant land manager. It is important to remember that we will not be able to remove all breeding sites.
Residents need to manage their own land and protect themselves and family during the season. Residents should check around their property and remove/treat potential sources of stagnant water such as septic tanks, ferneries, ponds and pools, pot plants, water tanks and even roof gutters.
How does the City treat mosquitoes?
When necessary, the City uses pellets that are placed in stagnant water to kill mosquito larvae. These pellets are harmless to other insects, fish and other wildlife.
The City does not use fogging or similar methods to control mosquitoes, as these methods do not discriminate between other insects, are not ideal for widespread use and have a limited effect in the long term.
Managing mosquitoes on your property
Mosquitoes can breed in very small amounts of water. To help manage mosquito numbers on your property, we encourage you to check your properties and remove potential sources of stagnant water such as septic tanks, ponds and pools, pot plants, water tanks and even roof gutters.
Here are some simple ways you can reduce mosquito numbers on your property:
- Change your animal’s drinking water and bird baths regularly
- Keep lawns trimmed to reduce the areas for mosquitoes to breed
- Regularly clean gutters and drains
- Remove any items where water can collect, such as unused pots and tyres
- Keep swimming pools well maintained or covered (or empty) if not in use
You can find more information about mosquito management on the Better Health Website.
Protecting yourself from bites
Here are a few simple ways to help protect yourself from mosquito bites both indoors and outdoors:
- Use insect repellents containing picaridin or DEET as an active ingredient
- Wear long, loose-fitting clothing when outdoors
- Ensure that insect screens fitted to doors and windows are in good condition
- Use ‘knockdown’ sprays, plug-in ‘zapper’ vaporisers or mosquito coils
You can find more information about mosquito protection on the Better Health Website.